Hibernate Named Query

Hibernate Named Query

Hibernate Named Query is used to provide some name to Hibernate SQL query , so that we can use given name in entire hibernate java application.

Named Query of Hibernate is same as SQL synonym.

Why Hibernate Named Query

When we have requirement to use same SQL query in multiple classes and later we want to chnage some query then we have to change in entire application classes, so to overcome this problem hibernate given named query.

How to use Named Query

We can use Named Query in two ways.

  1. Using Annotation
  2. Using Configuration mapping in XML file

Here i am going to discuss second approach.


  1. To use Named Query we have to configure <query /> tag inside hibernate mapping file.
  2. To call Named Query we have to use below code Query query = session.getNamedQuery(“name”); 

Hibernate Named Query Example

  1. Employee table in oracle DB
  2. Employee.java
  3. Employee.hbm.xml
  4. hibernate.cfg.xml
  5. Run.java

Employee table in Oracle DB

Create Employee table using below query.

>create table employee(id number, name varchar2(20), salary number));

Insert some record in employee table

>insert into employee values(101, ‘Vikas’, 10000);

>insert into employee values(102, ‘Vicky’, 15000);

insert into employee values(103, ‘Rahul’, 20000);

>insert into employee values(104, ‘Yogesh’, 25000);


package com.javagf.bean;
public class Employee { 
 private int id;
 private String name;
 private Integer salary;
 public Integer getSalary() {
   return salary; 
 public void setSalary(Integer salary) {
   this.salary = salary; 
 public int getId() {
   return id;
 public void setId(int id) { 
   this.id = id;
 public String getName() {
   return name; 
 public void setName(String name) {
   this.name = name;
 @Override public String toString() { return "Employee [id=" + id + ", name=" + name + ", salary=" + salary + "]"; }


<?xml version="1.0"?>
<!DOCTYPE hibernate-mapping PUBLIC "-//Hibernate/Hibernate Mapping DTD 3.0//EN""http://hibernate.sourceforge.net/hibernate-mapping-3.0.dtd">
<!-- Generated 18 Jun, 2017 2:16:54 PM by Hibernate Tools 3.5.0.Final -->
 <class name="com.javagf.bean.Employee" table="EMPLOYEE">
 <id name="id" type="int">
 <column name="ID" /> 
<generator class="assigned" /> 
<property name="name" type="java.lang.String">
</property> <property name="salary" type="int">
<!-- Hibernate Named Query -->
 <query name="Employee_Find_Query">
   <![CDATA[from Employee e where e.salary >:salary ]]>


<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<!DOCTYPE hibernate-configuration PUBLIC "-//Hibernate/Hibernate Configuration DTD 3.0//EN" "http://www.hibernate.org/dtd/hibernate-configuration-3.0.dtd">
   <property name="hbm2ddl.auto">update</property>
   <property name="dialect">org.hibernate.dialect.Oracle9Dialect</property>
   <property name="connection.url">jdbc:oracle:thin:@localhost:1521:xe</property>
   <property name="connection.username">system</property> 
   <property name="connection.password">manager</property>
   <property name="connection.driver_class">oracle.jdbc.driver.OracleDriver</property>
  <mapping resource="com/javagf/bean/Employee.hbm.xml" />


package com.javagf.test;
import java.util.Iterator;
import java.util.List;
import org.hibernate.Criteria;
import org.hibernate.Query;
import org.hibernate.SQLQuery;
import org.hibernate.Session;
import org.hibernate.SessionFactory;
import org.hibernate.Transaction;
import org.hibernate.cfg.Configuration;
import org.hibernate.criterion.Criterion;
import org.hibernate.criterion.Order;
import org.hibernate.criterion.Restrictions;
import com.javagf.bean.Employee;
public class Run {
 public static void main(String[] args) {
 Configuration cfg = new Configuration();
 SessionFactory factory = cfg.buildSessionFactory();
 Session session = factory.openSession();
 Query query = session.getNamedQuery("Employee_Find_Query");
 query.setParameter("salary", 10000);
 List<Employee> employees = query.list();
 Iterator<Employee> itr = employees.iterator();
   while (itr.hasNext()) { 
      Employee e = itr.next();
    session.close(); }


Employee [id=102, name=Vicky, salary=15000]
Employee [id=103, name=Rahul, salary=20000]
Employee [id=104, name=Yogesh, salary=25000]

Related Posts.

  1. Why hibernate is better than JDBC
  2. Hibernate Architecture
  3. Steps to create hibernate application in eclipse
  4. Hibernate Mapping and Configuration file
  5. Hibernate SQL Dialects List
  6. Hibernate Query Language
  7. Hibernate ID generator
  8. insert data into table using hibernate example
  9. update record database using hibernate
  10. Delete record database using hibernate
  11. hibernate select query example
  12. how to get all record from table in hibernate
  13. difference between wrapper and primitive types in hibernate



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